The presence of animals together with humans, exposing themselves to the appearance of natural and technological disasters and war, is something that has been recognized for many years, which has allowed the methods to carry out studies related to the importance of the threat, risk and vulnerability that animals have to these disasters as well as the role of the Veterinary Medina in the activities that are developed for its management.
In Cuba the effects of tropical cyclones, droughts and serious infectious diseases have been reported for more than four centuries, describing damages and losses in the economy in general and particularly in health and animal production.
From 1902 until 1958, numerous disaster situations were described that affected animals and man in the case of zoonoses, however the lack of a Civil Defense System in the country, the absence of specialized institutions that dedicated to the protection of animals and the insufficient preparation of veterinarians in the field, explain why very little could be done in the prevention and confrontation of these disasters during that long stage.
Shortly after the establishment of the Revolutionary Government in 1959, the Civil Defense was created on July 31, 1962, which made possible the integration of a Civil Protection System to which the veterinary medicine sector was incorporated throughout the country. joining the specialized teams that direct the confrontation to the hurricanes, the intense droughts, the epizootics in different species of animals and in cases of epidemics like the equine encephalomyelitis of the East, the leptospirosis and the rage.
Veterinary participation in disaster management in the country has been possible due to the special preparation that has been given to veterinarians during their undergraduate and graduate studies provided by the Faculties of Veterinary Medicine, Civil Defense and the Institute of Veterinary Medicine. (IMV) of the Ministry of Agriculture (MINAGRI), having received these courses during the stage of pre-professional training to more than 1500 graduates and as part of postgraduate studies have received training courses about 5,000 professionals.
Source: Presidency SCMVCD